Master of Science (MS)
First Committee Member
Rodney V. Metcalf
Number of Pages
Mafic magmas play a significant role in the evolution of calc-alkaline magma systems in convergent and extensional environments. The Miocene Mt. Perkins pluton, northwestern Arizona, was emplaced as a series of four discrete magma pulses into a country rock of Precambrian orthogneiss. Phase 1 is a gabbro-diorite containing four rock groups: olivine-clinopyroxene cumulates, hornblende-plagioclase cumulates, homblende gabbro, and quartz diorite. Stage one of phases 2 and 3 evolved by a process of fractional crystallization of an asthenospheric mantle derived mafic magma and magma mixing with an upper crustal granitic magma. Phase 1 magmas evolved by fractional crystallization (required by the presence of cumulates) of an asthenospheric mantle derived mafic magma and contamination by an asthenospheric-lithospheric mantle derived basaltic magma at depth and the orthogneiss at emplacement level. Phases 1, 2, and 3 share a common asthenospheric mantle derived magma. Mafic mantle derived melts are generated continuously throughout magma system evolution.
Alkaline; Arizona; Arizonaimplications Derived; Diorite; Evolution; Gabbro; Implications; Mafic; Magma; Magmas; Mantle; Miocene Northwest; Perkins; Petrogenesis; Phase; Pluton; Role
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
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Danielson, Lisa Renee, "Petrogenesis of the phase 1 gabbro-diorite of the Miocene Mt Perkins Pluton, northwest Arizona: Implications for the role of mantle-derived mafic magmas in calc-alkaline magma evolution" (1998). UNLV Retrospective Theses & Dissertations. 913.