Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Committee Member

Shahram Latifi

Number of Pages



It is well known that images are usually stored and transmitted in the compressed form to save memory space and I/O bandwidth. Among many image compression schemes, transform coding is a widely used coding method. Traditionally, processing a compressed image requires decompression first. Following manipulations, the processed image is compressed again for storage. To reduce the computational complexity and processing time, manipulating images in the semi-compressed or transform domain is an efficient solution; Many astronomical images are compressed and stored by JPEG and HCOM-PRESS, which are based on the Discrete Cosine Transform (DCT) and the Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT), respectively. In this thesis, a suite of image processing algorithms in the transform domain, DCT and DWT, is developed. In particular, new methods for edge enhancement and minimum (MIN)/maximum (MAX) gray scale intensity estimation in the DCT domain are proposed. Algebraic operations and image interpolation in the DWT domain are addressed. The superiority of new algorithms over the conventional ones is demonstrated by comparing the time complexities and qualities of the processed image in the transform domain to those in the spatial domain.


Astronomical; Domain; Image; Manipulation; Transform

Controlled Subject

Electrical engineering; Computer science; Astronomy

File Format


File Size

1781.76 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas


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