Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Nursing (MSN)



First Committee Member

Susan Kowalski

Number of Pages



The purpose of this study was to describe the coping strategies used by ambulatory burn patients for management of pain during dressing changes. The sample consisted of 136 ambulatory burn patients (N = 136) who attended an outpatient Burn Clinic at a Southwestern medical center. Coping strategies were measured using the Coping Strategies Questionnaire (Rosenstiel & Keefe, 1983) and the Helpfulness of Prayer Scale (Saudia, Kinney, Brown & Young-Ward, 1991); The most frequently used coping strategies used by ambulatory burn patients were coping self-statements (87.5%, n = 119) and praying/hoping (71.3%, n = 97). There was no significant difference in reported levels of pain among subjects who prayed (n = 56) and subjects who did not pray (n = 80) before or during dressing changes (t =.988, {dollar}p = .325).{dollar} Patients who used pain medications had significantly higher levels of pain (mean = 5.92) than patients who did not use pain medication (mean = 4.02) before their dressing changes (t = 3.47, {dollar}p = .001).{dollar} The level of pain experienced by patients was weakly correlated to the degree (depth) of the burn {dollar}(r = .230,\ p = .007).{dollar}.


Ambulatory; Burn; Change; Coping; Daily; Dressing; Patient; Strategies

Controlled Subject

Nursing; Mental health; Cognitive psychology; Psychophysiology

File Format


File Size

2191.36 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas


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