Award Date

1-1-1998

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Civil and Environmental Engineering

First Committee Member

David James

Number of Pages

286

Abstract

The paper presents the methodology and results of a hydrological study of two basins in Sri Lanka. The objective of the study was to evaluate a flood prediction model based on the Soil Conservation Service (SCS) runoff curve method. The study results showed that the application of standard SCS tables and standard abstractions does not adequately predict computed direct runoff. The standard SCS curve number method produced good predictions at optimum initial abstractions (I{dollar}\sb{\rm a}{dollar}) for all rainfall gauging stations when compared to Hjelmfelt's (1980), and Hawkins (1993) techniques; This paper also focuses on calibrating curve numbers from rainfall-runoff data. The two methods used in this regard were those of Hjelmfelt (1980, 1991), and Hawkins (1993); The Aningkanda rainfall gauging station in the Nilwala Ganga Basin was a better predictor of runoff than the Mawarella and St. Augustine gauging stations; The Gin Ganga Watershed yielded approximately 73% runoff compared to the 25% yield in the adjoining Nilwala Ganga Watershed. The primary reason for the large difference in water yield could be attributed to the fact that the rainfall gauging stations are relatively closer to the stream flow gauging station in the Gin Ganga basin than the Nilwala Ganga; The SCS unit hydrograph method used in the HEC-1 flood hydrograph package assumed rainfall distributions generated for North American Continental weather. However, using different rainfall distributions did not significantly change the predicted runoff results in the two basins. (Abstract shortened by UMI.).

Keywords

Comparison; Large; Methods; Prediction; Runoff; SCS; Sri Lanka; Two; Watersheds

Controlled Subject

Civil engineering; Hydrology

File Format

pdf

File Size

6758.4 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas

Permissions

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Identifier

https://doi.org/10.25669/fmru-rev8


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