- We compared physical fitness factors between sport and non-sport groups of elementary school children in all grades. The subjects of this study were 1,079 1st- to 6th-grade male elementary school children. Their parents completed a questionnaire examining whether the child attended sports lessons as a regular after-school activity. Physical fitness was evaluated by a new physical fitness test recommended by the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (4). The test consists of the following items: 1) Grip strength (kg); 2) Sit-ups (number completed in 30 sec); 4) Sitting front stretches (cm); 5) Side steps (number completed in 20 sec); 6) 20-m shuttle run (number of repetitions); 7) 50-m run (sec); 8) Standing long jump (m); 9) Softball throw (m); 10) Height (m); and 11) weight (kg).
- Point of application ＃1: In regards to the sit-ups, 20-m shuttle run, and softball throw, children who attend sports lessons after school showed a better performance compared to children who do not attend sport lessons, especially after the 3rd grade.
- Point of application ＃2: Performance in physical fitness that requires complex movements, such as the side steps and 50-m run, were susceptible to sports lessons.
- Point of application ＃3: Flexibility and performance in physical fitness that require simple movement, such as the grip strength and standing long jump, were not affected significantly by sport lessons during elementary school ages.
Kubo, Junjiro; Nishimura, Saburo; and Ogiwara, Takayuki
"Comparison of Physical Fitness between Sport and Non-Sport Groups among Elementary School Children,"
Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology: Vol. 1
, Article 9.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/scholarship_kin/vol1/iss2/9