Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology Volume 4: Issue 1, Article 16, 2023. This study examined U.S. adult physical activity preferences and explored how a sample of Americans conceptualize these preferences, as previous attempts have primarily focused on non-U.S. or special populations. A sample of adults (n=402) was surveyed and stratified into 'Alone' or 'Group' physical activity preference conditions, with additional items exploring preference characteristics and social-psychological motives. Most adults preferred to exercise Alone (n=126), with a Partner (n=88), or with the use of a Virtual/Video environment (n=122) compared to those who preferred Group exercise (n=66). While there were no significant differences in physical activity levels, significant differences were noted between the groups for internal and external motives and psychological basic needs satisfaction. This study attempts to address a gap in the literature by providing descriptive physical activity preference data that may be helpful to researchers and practitioners as points of application who design interventions to initiate or maintain recommended levels of physical activity.
Hill, Christopher R.; Johnson, Malasher; Mazaras, Victoria; and Samendinger, Stephen
"Understanding Physical Activity Preferences and Motives in U.S. Adults,"
Topics in Exercise Science and Kinesiology: Vol. 4:
1, Article 16.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/scholarship_kin/vol4/iss1/16