Working across the divide: Job involvement in the public and nonprofit sectors

Document Type



Job involvement is a principal factor in the lives of most people; employees in the workplace are mentally and emotionally influenced by their degree of involvement in work. Using the data from the National Administrative Studies Project III, this study empirically compares the level of job involvement between managers in the public and nonprofit sectors and explores different aspects including demographic, managerial, and institutional factors that contribute to the apparent differences. The results of the study indicate that the mean level of nonprofit managers' job involvement is significantly greater than for public managers. Each sector had specific variables that significantly and uniquely contributed to job involvement. Overall, the results suggest a need to more fully investigate the various mechanisms and functions of situational and organizational contexts, organizational norms, and culture that were associated with job involvement regardless of sector. Implications and limitations of this research are also discussed.


Civil service; Corporate culture; Employees – Attitudes; Job enrichment; Job satisfaction; Nonprofit organizations – Employees


Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation | Public Administration | Public Policy | Work, Economy and Organizations


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