Document Type



As we begin the New Year, it is important to look at the trends that need to be considered in the future and how or if these driving forces will define what strategic management means in 2008. It is also important to understand that looking to the past alone for guidance may skew our view of present facts even when those facts are supported by sound data. Strategic managers make sense out of what is going on around them and what is possible in the future by looking and listening to forecasts for the future, to what is critical for their organization now and to what their inner voice of responsible innovation is saying to them. They manage with foresight and insight by first cross-examining every precedent, doing After Action Reviews, requiring proof of common knowledge, encouraging others to challenge their thinking, and never relying on only one precedent when making a decision.


Administrative agencies; Organizational change; Public administration – Forecasting; Strategic planning


Organizational Behavior and Theory | Policy Design, Analysis, and Evaluation | Policy History, Theory, and Methods | Public Administration | Strategic Management Policy

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