Effects of CO2 enrichment on four Great Basin grasses
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Plants of four Great Basin grass species were grown from seed in two greenhouses at low (340µl 1-t) and high (680µl 1-t) CO2 concentration. In all four species, high CO2 promoted mean increases in the number of basal stems, leaf area, specific leaf weight and above-ground dry weight. High CO2 resulted in an increase in CO2 assimilation in two C3 grasses but not in C4 grass, while all three species showed decreases in stomatal conductance. Mean increases of 60% in above-ground dry weight and 80% in water-use-efficiency are consistent with previously reported high CO2 effects on grasses. No consistent differential effects of high CO2 were observed when comparing annual vs perennial species. Global CO2 enrichment may alter the competitive balance of Great Basin plant communities, possibly enhancing the dominance of Bromus tectorum L. on degraded rangelands.
Bromus tectorum; Cheat grass; CO2 enrichment; Great Basin; Growth; Invasive species; Oryzopsis hymenoides; Photosynthesis; Rangelands; Steppe; Stomatal conductance; Water-use-efficiency
Plant Biology | Terrestrial and Aquatic Ecology
Smith, S. D.,
Strain, B. R.,
Sharkey, T. D.
Effects of CO2 enrichment on four Great Basin grasses.
Functional Ecology, 1(2),