Title

X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Magnetism of Synthetic Greigite and Greigite Magnetosomes in Magnetotactic Bacteria

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-29-2017

Publication Title

Geomicrobiology Journal

Volume

35

Issue

3

First page number:

215

Last page number:

226

Abstract

Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy at the Fe 2p (L-2,L-3), O1s, C1s, and S2p edges was used to study greigite magnetosomes and other cellular content of a magnetotactic bacterium known as a multicellular magnetotactic prokaryote (MMP). X-ray absorption spectrum (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectra of greigite (Fe3S4) nanoparticles, synthesized via a hydrothermal method, were measured. Although XAS of the synthetic greigite nanoparticles and biotic magnetosome crystals in MMPs are slightly different due to partial oxidation of the MMP greigite, the XMCD spectra of the two materials are in good agreement. The Fe 2p XAS and XMCD spectra of Fe3S4 are quite different from those of its oxygen analog, magnetite (Fe3O4), suggesting Fe3S4 has a different electronic and magnetic structure than Fe3O4 despite having the same crystal structure. Sulfate and sulfide species were also identified in MMPs, both of which are likely involved in sulfur metabolism.

Keywords

Greigite; magnetotactic bacteria; X-ray absorption; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism; X-ray microscopy

Disciplines

Bacteriology | Biogeochemistry | Microbiology

Language

English

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