X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Magnetism of Synthetic Greigite and Greigite Magnetosomes in Magnetotactic Bacteria
First page number:
Last page number:
Scanning transmission X-ray microscopy at the Fe 2p (L-2,L-3), O1s, C1s, and S2p edges was used to study greigite magnetosomes and other cellular content of a magnetotactic bacterium known as a multicellular magnetotactic prokaryote (MMP). X-ray absorption spectrum (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectra of greigite (Fe3S4) nanoparticles, synthesized via a hydrothermal method, were measured. Although XAS of the synthetic greigite nanoparticles and biotic magnetosome crystals in MMPs are slightly different due to partial oxidation of the MMP greigite, the XMCD spectra of the two materials are in good agreement. The Fe 2p XAS and XMCD spectra of Fe3S4 are quite different from those of its oxygen analog, magnetite (Fe3O4), suggesting Fe3S4 has a different electronic and magnetic structure than Fe3O4 despite having the same crystal structure. Sulfate and sulfide species were also identified in MMPs, both of which are likely involved in sulfur metabolism.
Greigite; magnetotactic bacteria; X-ray absorption; X-ray magnetic circular dichroism; X-ray microscopy
Bacteriology | Biogeochemistry | Microbiology
Hitchcock, A. P.,
Le Nagard, L.,
Bazylinski, D. A.,
X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy and Magnetism of Synthetic Greigite and Greigite Magnetosomes in Magnetotactic Bacteria.
Geomicrobiology Journal, 35(3),