Title

Health Lifestyles and the Transition to Adulthood

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-14-2020

Publication Title

Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World

Volume

6

First page number:

1

Last page number:

17

Abstract

Prior research has shown the theoretical importance and empirical feasibility of health lifestyles but has not examined their patterns over the life course or their dynamic associations with socioeconomic status (SES) and adult roles. The authors develop and apply a life-course approach to understanding individuals’ health lifestyles across the transition to adulthood, using U.S. data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (n = 6,863). The results show that ascribed SES is associated with adolescent health lifestyles, and those health lifestyles are associated with later health lifestyles. The results also demonstrate the developmental specificity of health lifestyles. Dissimilarities and variations in the clusterings of behaviors and their associations with SES, along with patterning of adult roles, support a contextualized, life course–focused interpretation of health lifestyle development. The authors highlight the need for an integrated life-course model of the development of health disparities that combines both stability and change.

Keywords

Health lifestyles; Socioeconomic status; Transition to adulthood

Disciplines

Family, Life Course, and Society | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Sociology

Language

English

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