Between the Ethos of Science and the Ethos of Ideology

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This paper attempts to explain the continuous friction between Marxist sociology and Marxist ideology in terms of the premises of the theory of scientific communism, which accords to proletarian ideology the status of scientific truth. The successive stages of the evolution of Soviet sociology are related to the parallel development of views on the scientific ethos. The notion of the "ethos of ideology" is introduced and applied to the analysis of the ideological turmoil Soviet sociology underwent in the course of its establishment as an academic discipline. "Value tolerance" is advocated as an alternative to the "value-partisan" and "value-neutral" orientations in social science.


Communism; Ideology--Social aspects; Sociology; Value--Social aspects


Politics and Social Change | Regional Sociology | Social Psychology and Interaction | Sociology


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