A Schizophrenia Associated CMYA5 Allele Displays Differential Binding with Desmin
Journal of Psychiatric Research
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CMYA5 is a candidate gene for schizophrenia because of the genetic association of variant rs10043986 (C > T) to this severe mental disorder. Studies of CMYA5 and its gene product, myospryn, in the brain and neuronal cells have not been previously reported. The SNP rs10043986 changes the 4,063rd amino acid from Pro to Leu, which is likely to alter protein function. To understand its potential role in the brain, we examined the neuronal expression of myospryn and its binding partner, desmin, an intermediate filament (IF) protein, and investigated how the two alleles of myospryn affect its binding to desmin. Myospryn and desmin are shown to be expressed in the brain and myospryn is shown to localize to the cytoplasm and nucleus of myoblast, neuroblastoma, and glioblastoma cell lines. Peripherin and vimentin, known brain IF proteins, have high protein similarity to desmin but were found not to interact with myospryn using yeast two-hybrid (Y2H). Using a quantitative Y2H assay and surface plasmon resonance, the T allele (Leu) of rs10043986 was found to have stronger binding to desmin than the C allele (Pro). Based on findings described in this report, we hypothesize that the interaction between myospryn to IF provides structural support and efficient rearrangement of the cytoskeletonnetwork during early neuritogenesis.
Schizophrenia; CMYA5; Intermediate filament; Desmin; Differential binding; Single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)
Psychiatric and Mental Health
Naya, F. J.,
A Schizophrenia Associated CMYA5 Allele Displays Differential Binding with Desmin.
Journal of Psychiatric Research, 111