Low-Dose Allopurinol Promotes Greater Serum Urate Lowering in Gout Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Compared with Normal Kidney Function
Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Disease
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Objectives. Gout patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) accumulate the active allopurinol metabolite oxypurinol, suggesting that allopurinol may promote greater serum urate (sU) lowering in CKD patients. Methods. We identified all patientswith gout diagnoses on either 100 mg or 300 mg of allopurinol daily, with available pre- and on-treatment sU levels, in our system in a 1-year period. Mean sU decrement by dosing per CKD groups was determined by CKD stage. Results: Of 1,288 subjects with gout, 180 met entry criteria, with 83 subjects receiving 100 mg and 97 receiving 300 mg allopurinol. Subjects with CKD stage 1 experienced less sU lowering with 100 mg than 300 mg of allopurinol. Subjects with stage 4 and 5 CKD had equivalent sU decreases across the 100 mg and 300 mg allopurinol groups. However, the 100 mg group started at a higher pre-treatment sU and ended at a higher final sU than the 300 mg group. Conclusions: The strategy of titrating allopurinol to sU in patients with kidney impairment may result in greater sU lowering at lower doses than in patients without CKD but may also pose a treatment challenge from a possible drug ceiling effect.
Crittenden, D. B.,
Modjinou, D. V.,
Fisher, M. C.,
Keenan, R. T.,
Pillinger, M. H.
Low-Dose Allopurinol Promotes Greater Serum Urate Lowering in Gout Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease Compared with Normal Kidney Function.
Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Disease, 77(2),