Bone Morphogenetic Protein‐2 Promotes Osteosarcoma Growth by Promoting Epithelial‐Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) Through the Wnt/β‐Catenin Signaling Pathway
Journal of Orthopaedic Research
First page number:
Last page number:
The correlation between BMP‐2 and osteosarcoma growth has gained increased interest in the recent years, however, there is still no consensus. In this study, we tested the effects of BMP‐2 on osteosarcoma cells through both in vitro and in vivo experiments. The effect of BMP‐2 on the proliferation, migration and invasion of osteosarcoma cells was tested in vitro. Subcutaneous and intratibial tumor models were used for the in vivo experiments in nude mice. The effects of BMP‐2 on EMT of osteosarcoma cells and the Wnt/β‐catenin signaling pathway were also tested using a variety of biochemical methods. In vitro tests did not show a significant effect of BMP‐2 on tumor cell proliferation. However, BMP‐2 increased the mobility of tumor cells and the invasion assay demonstrated that BMP‐2 promoted invasion of osteosarcoma cells in vitro. In vivo animal study showed that BMP‐2 dramatically enhanced tumor growth. We also found that BMP‐2 induced EMT of osteosarcoma cells. The expression levels of Axin2 and Dkk‐1 were both down regulated by BMP‐2 treatment, while β‐catenin, c‐myc and Cyclin‐D1 were all upregulated. The expression of Wnt3α and p‐GSK‐3β were also significantly upregulated indicating that the Wnt/β‐catenin signaling pathway was activated during the EMT of osteosarcoma driven by BMP‐2. From this study, we can conclude that BMP‐2 significantly promotes growth of osteosarcoma cells (143B, MG63), and enhances mobility and invasiveness of tumor cells as demonstrated in vitro. The underlying mechanism might be that BMP‐2 promotes EMT of osteosarcoma through the Wnt/β‐catenin signaling pathway
Bone morphogenetic protein-2; Osteosarcoma; Epithelial-mesenchymal transition; Wnt/b-catenin
Diseases | Osteopathic Medicine and Osteopathy
Kahn, S. A.,
Leite Duarte, M. E.,
Daubs, M. D.,
Brochmann, E. J.,
Wang, J. C.,
Murray, S. S.
Bone Morphogenetic Protein‐2 Promotes Osteosarcoma Growth by Promoting Epithelial‐Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) Through the Wnt/β‐Catenin Signaling Pathway.
Journal of Orthopaedic Research, 37(7),