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Exogenous lipoid pneumonia is a rare and frequently misdiagnosed lung disease. It occurs as an inflammatory reaction secondary to either aspiration or inhalation of lipids. Our patient had a history significant for recurrent pneumonia and the use of mineral oil for chronic constipation. A chest computed tomography showed multifocal consolidative opacities with areas of low attenuation, highly suspicious of exogenous lipid pneumonia. The diagnosis was confirmed with combined bronchoalveolar lavage and transbronchial lung biopsy that showed lipid-laden macrophages consistent with exogenous lipoid pneumonia. After thorough medication review, apart from mineral oil, no other contributing factors were found. A diagnosis of exogenous lipoid pneumonia associated with the use of mineral oil made and successfully managed by stopping the offending agent and supportive antibiotics.
Lipoid pneumonia; Mineral oil; Constipation; Bal lavage; Macrophages
Lipids | Pulmonology | Respiratory System | Respiratory Tract Diseases
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Jeelani, H. M.,
Sheikh, M. M.,
Exogenous Lipoid Pneumonia Complicated by Mineral Oil Asperation in a Patient with Chronic Constipation: A Case Report and Review.