Prenatal Diagnosis of Isolated Perimembranous Ventricular Septal Defects Undergoing Primary Surgical Repair In Infancy

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Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

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Objective: We retrospectively analyzed our center’s experience with the prenatal diagnosis of isolated perimembranous ventricular septal defects that underwent primary surgical repair in infancy. Methods: We identified patients born in Southern Nevada, between October 2012 and October 2020, with prenatal care that underwent surgical closure of an isolated large perimembranous ventricular septal defect between 1 and 12 months of age. The description at surgery defined ventricular septal defect morphology. We included only those with situs solitus, levocardia without dextroposition, and without any other cardiovascular abnormality. We analyzed prenatal detection rates for each of the eight years. Results: We identified 81 patients. Of the 81, 35 (43%) had trisomy 21. We identified no other aneuploidies in those that underwent surgical repair; however, 1 had a 15q13.3 deletion syndrome, and 1 had a 22 q11.2 deletion syndrome. Of the 81, 27 (33%) overall were prenatally diagnosed. Increasing prenatal detection rates strongly correlated with time (R = 0.92, p =.002). Conclusions: Trisomy 21 is common in isolated perimembranous ventricular septal defects undergoing primary repair in infancy. Further, prenatal detection rates significantly improved over time, up to 65% detection in the current years.


Aneuploidy; Congenital heart disease; Fetal echocardiography; Perimembranous ventricular septal defects; Prenatal diagnosis


Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities | Surgery



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