Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences > Liberal Arts > Psychology
October 19, 2020
January 18, 2021
February 26, 2021
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Data Availability Statement
The authors of this article confirm that all data underlying the findings are fully available without restrictions.
Conflicts of Interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.
This study was approved by the UNLV Institutional Review Board for use of human subjects. No adverse consequences were expected as a result of participating in the study.
This research was made possible by grants to Bradley Donohue (PI) from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA; 1 R01 DA031828), and by scholarships provided to Mirella S. Jasso from the University of Nevada, Las Vegas McNair Scholars Institute and the Nevada Regents Service Program.
This study aims to (1) examine differences between Ethnic Majority (European American) and Ethnic Minority (African American, Latina/o, Asian/Asian American, Pacific Islander, and Other) student athletes’ ratings of importance of their Ethnic Culture, (2) examine differences in the importance of Sport Culture among NCAA and Recreational (i.e., Club and Intramural) student athletes, and (3) determine if Ethnic Identification and Athlete Type interact to predict the importance of Ethnic Culture and Sport Culture. Student athletes were asked to fill out a demographic questionnaire, and then rate the importance of several cultural domains (i.e. Ethnic Culture and Sport Culture) using a novel measure, the Cultural Domain Menu (CDM). After a descriptive analysis was performed, Analysis of Variances (ANOVA) and several t-tests were conducted to test differences among Ethnic Majority and Ethnic Minority student athletes in the importance of their Ethnic and Sport Cultures. Findings demonstrated a significant difference between Ethnic Majority and Ethnic Minority student athletes’ ratings of the importance of their Ethnic Culture: Ethnic Majority ratings were found to be lower compared to Ethnic Minority student athletes. Results also showed a significant difference between NCAA and Recreational student athletes in their ratings of their Sport Culture: NCAA student athletes were found to rank their Sport Culture as more salient. Implications, limitations, and future directions for this study are discussed in regard to the results. These results serve as a great indicator of the mental health issues of importance when aiming to serve student athletes from different backgrounds.
Cultural salience, Student athletes, Ethnic culture, College students, NCAA, Club sports, Intramural sports, Recreational sports, Sport culture, Identity salience
Primary research article
Jasso, M. S., Nelson, P., Donohue, B., Strong, M., Kepka, J., & Allen, D. N. (2021). Differences in ethnic and sport culture salience among college students participating in NCAA and recreational sports. Spectra Undergraduate Research Journal, 1(1),16-33. https://doi.org/10.9741/2766-7227.1001