Spectra Undergraduate Research Journal


Health & Natural Sciences & Engineering > Health Sciences > Public Health


March 2, 2021


July 19, 2021


August 13, 2021


Raisa Kabir (RK)1, Manoj Sharma (MS)2, Sayeda Tazim Zaidi (STZ)3, and Chia-Liang Dai (CLD)4

Author Affiliations

1Department of Kinesiology and Nutrition, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

2Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

3School of Life Sciences, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

4Department of Teaching and Learning, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Corresponding Author

*Raisa Kabir, kabir@unlv.nevada.edu

Author Contributions

RK: Contributed conceptualization, source curation, data collection, drafting of paper, formal analysis, methodology, writing of the original draft, and reviewing and editing of the manuscript.

MS: Contributed conceptualization, formal analysis, and reviewing of the manuscript.

STZ: Drafting of paper and reviewing and editing of the manuscript.

CLD: Contributed conceptualization, formal analysis, and reviewing of the manuscript.

Data Availability Statement

The study did not collect any primary data. All secondary articles are available through the UNLV University Libraries.

Conflicts of Interest

The author declare that no conflicts of interest exist.

Ethical Considerations

Given that this project did not involve human or animal subjects, no IRB or IACUC approval was needed.


No funding was used to conduct this research.


Physical activity (PA) provides numerous health benefits and minimizes chronic diseases and mental health issues, especially in older adults. The national survey data indicated that only 27.3% to 44.3% of older adults meet the recommended PA guidelines of 150 to 300 minutes/ week. There is limited data on PA behavior among older Asian American (AA) adults as very few to no local/national surveys have targeted these marginalized subgroups. This comprehensive review aims to identify existing PA intervention strategies and to update current knowledge on the effectiveness of these interventions to improve PA behavior among aging AA in the US. The study included publications from the last five years (2016 to 2021) on all PA interventions with older AA adults. Data were abstracted for study designs, associated conditions, subgroups focused, theoretical frameworks, sample sizes, intervention strategies, and PA outcomes. A total of nine intervention studies met the inclusion criteria based on age, ethnicity and racial group, year of publication, United States-based, and English-only publication. Four studies used randomized control trial designs, five used pretest-posttest designs, one used a single-group time series design, and one was a qualitative study. The studies included in this paper, aside from the qualitative research, did not use behavioral theories and utilized small sample sizes. It is crucial to develop long-term effective interventions which will help to increase PA and decrease sedentary behaviors in older AA. To achieve these goals, more research addressing and utilizing theory-based PA promotion intervention with larger sample sizes.


physical activity, intervention, aging Asian American, comprehensive review

Submission Type

Primary review article