Spectra Undergraduate Research Journal


Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences > Humanities > Philosophy


March 24, 2022


August 19, 2022


August 31, 2022


Kyle Joshua Q. Catarata (KJQC)1, 2, 3*

Author Affiliations

1Department of Philosophy, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

2Department of World Languages and Cultures, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, Las Vegas, NV, USA.

3Honors College, University of Nevada, Las Vegas.

Corresponding Author

*Kyle Joshua Q. Catarata, catark2@unlv.nevada.edu

Author Contributions

KJQC: Data collection, data analysis, methodology, writing, and review of the manuscript

Data Availability Statement

The author confirms that all data underlying the findings are fully available without restrictions upon request.

Conflicts of Interest

The author declares that no competing interests exist.

Ethical Considerations

Given that this project did not involve human or animal subjects, no IRB or IACUC approval was needed. All research was derived from publicly shared sources.


No funding was used to conduct this research.


An important question that has always been debated in philosophy of science concerns that of the best account of science. Ranging from multiple accounts, from Karl Popper, Thomas Kuhn, and Imre Lakatos, etc., an argument of how Lakatos’s Methodology of Scientific Research Programmes (MSRP) is the best account of science will be defended. In addition, the best account of scientific evidence and explanation – featuring philosophers from Lakatos, Peter Achinstein, Nancy Cartwright, and Philip Kitcher – is presented in support of Lakatos’s MSRP. Furthermore, using the scientific theory of continental drift, proposed by Alfred L. Wegener, will illustrate how Wegener’s theory fits well with Lakatos’s account of science.


Philosophy of science, Karl Popper, Thomas Kuhn, Imre Lakatos, Alfred L. Wegner, falsificationism, naïve falsificationism, normal science, revolutionary science, ethodology of Scientific Research Programmes (MSRP)

Submission Type

Primary research article