Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MSME)


Mechanical Engineering

First Committee Member

Douglas Reynolds, Chair

Second Committee Member

Brian Landsberger

Third Committee Member

Samir Moujaes

Graduate Faculty Representative

Sandra Catlin

Number of Pages



Building air distribution terminal system designers and system installers require accurate quantitative information on the performance of the installed system to achieve optimum efficiency and levels of human comfort. This requires field installation adjustment values from published ideal pressure loss, air distribution and sound generation installation performance. This study documents the air output performance of different installation configurations of six types of ceiling diffusers and compares the results to performance when installed according to ANSI/ASHRAE Standard 70-2006. A diffuser inlet supply plenum was designed for optimum flow and used to acquire a baseline set of data covering the six types of diffusers at different inlet neck sizes and inlet airflow rates. Full scale laboratory testing of typical field installation variations was completed for the same conditions with variations in damper installation, duct approach angle, duct type, duct vertical height above the diffuser and duct branch to main supply duct installation. A set of simple algorithms were developed that can be used to easily predict how an inlet configuration would affect the performance of a wide variety of installation conditions.


Air conditioning; Air ducts; Air ducts — Acoustic properties; Air flow; Diffusers; Ventilation


Acoustics, Dynamics, and Controls | Electro-Mechanical Systems | Mechanical Engineering | Statistical Models

File Format


Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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