Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT)
First Committee Member
Robbin Hickman, Research Project Coordinator
Second Committee Member
Number of Pages
Purpose: Barefoot running (BF) is popular in the running community. Biomechanical changes occur with BF, especially when initial contact changes from rearfoot strike (RFS) to forefoot strike (FFS). In addition, changes in lumbar spine range of motion (ROM), particularly involving lumbar lordosis, have been associated with increased low back pain (LBP). However it is not known how changing from RFS to FFS affects lumbar lordosis or LBP. Thus, the purpose of this study was to determine if a change from RFS to FFS would change lumbar lordosis, and/or decrease shock attenuation, and/or change comfort levels in healthy recreational/experienced runners.
Methods: Forty-three subjects performed a warm up on the treadmill where a self-selected footstrike pattern was determined. Instructions on running RFS/FFS were taught and two conditions were examined. Each condition consisted of 90 s of BF with RFS or FFS; order randomly assigned. A comfort questionnaire was completed after both conditions. Fifteen consecutive strides from each condition were extracted for analyses.
Results: Statistically significant differences between FFS and RFS shock attenuation (p
Change in footstrike from RFS to FFS decreased overall ROM in the lumbar spine but did not make a difference in flexion or extension in which the lumbar spine is positioned. Shock attenuation was greater in RFS. RFS was perceived a more comfortable running pattern.
Backache; Biomechanics; Gait in humans; Joints — Range of motion; Running
Biomechanics | Kinesiotherapy | Physical Therapy | Rehabilitation and Therapy
Delgado, Traci L.; Kubera-Shelton, Emilia; and Robb, Robert R., "Effects of Footstrike Pattern on Low Back Posture, Shock Attenuation, and Comfort During Running" (2013). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 1510.