Master of Science in Health Physics
Health Physics and Diagnostic Sciences
Ralf Sudowe, Committee Chair
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Graduate Faculty Representative
Number of Pages
Microprecipitation has become one of the most widely used sample preparation techniques for alpha spectroscopy. Many factors during the precipitation process can affect the yield and energy resolution by adding unwanted mass to the sample. Current applications in nuclear forensics call for an optimization of energy resolution and yield in order to improve identification and quantify specific radionuclides. The purpose of this research is to determine the optimal parameters used for microprecipitation. The optimal solution temperature, precipitation time, carrier amount, and hydrofluoric acid amount are used to investigate the influence of varying the type of carrier, as well as, the addition of hydrochloric acid and other radionuclides. The determined optimal parameter was 0.0125mg of cerium with 1mL of hydrofluoric acid at room temperature for 30 minutes. The optimal carrier concentration for lanthanum was 0.005mg while neodymium was 0.0025mg. A multinuclide solution had no impact on the results; however the addition of 20 mL of HCl should be reduced before performing microprecipitation. The homogeneity of the radionuclides deposited onto the source sample was determined by using autoradiography. The optimal parameters of microprecipitation, in addition to the deposition pattern of the radionuclide, can be used to improve identification and quantification of radionuclides for nuclear forensics applications.
Alpha spectroscopy; Crime scene investigations; Forensic techniques; Microprecipitation; Nuclear forensics; Precipitation; Radiochemistry; Source preparation
Analytical Chemistry | Criminology | Evidence | Law Enforcement and Corrections | Nuclear | Radiochemistry
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Kelly, Lyndsey Renee, "Optimization of the microprecipitation procedure for nuclear forensics applications" (2009). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 166.
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