Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Environmental and Public Affairs

First Committee Member

Jessica Word

Second Committee Member

Christopher Stream

Third Committee Member

Patrick Carlton

Fourth Committee Member

Michele Kuenzi

Number of Pages



Since the 1970s Ethiopia has experienced a massive increase of International Non-Governmental Organizations (INGOs) in its territory. The multiplication of these INGOs seems to be the result of the activities of both international donors and governments in Ethiopia. International donors considered INGOs as efficient, flexible or adoptive to the needs of the community and more trustworthy than government agencies in implementing development projects. International donors also believe that the proliferation of INGOs in Ethiopia will stimulate the growth of political democracy and trade liberalization. The government allowed the influx of these INGOs in order to tap the resources they bring in to its territory and to secure legitimacy from the international community. Various scholars discussed the projects of these INGOS, their proliferation and the challenges they face in Ethiopia and other similar less developed nations. But the question of what factors impact such INGOs to become consistently effective in Ethiopia has not been studied in a comprehensive and empirical fashion. The purpose of this research is to fill this gap and identify a theoretical model that would help analyze factors impacting INGOs effectiveness in Ethiopia and possibly similar other less developed nations. Using this theoretical model the research concludes that two factors determine INGOs' effectiveness in Ethiopia. These factors are 1) Positive or strong relation between INGOs and their main stakeholders and 2) Positive or strong relation between INGOs' stakeholders independently of their relation with INGOs but in the process of their participation in INGO projects.


Effectiveness model; Ethiopia; INGO effectiveness; INGO stakeholders; International agencies; Non-governmental organizations – Economic aspects; Non-governmental organizations – Political aspects


African Studies | Public Policy | Work, Economy and Organizations

File Format


Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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