Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)


Criminal Justice

First Committee Member

Alexis Kennedy

Second Committee Member

Randall Shelden

Third Committee Member

Tamara Madensen

Fourth Committee Member

Kathleen Bergquist

Number of Pages



Previous research using both National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS) data and other sources has found that biases do exist with regard to racial differences. The current study will build on past research of biases in the Child Protective Services (CPS) involvement and reporting. This study uses a secondary data set, the 2009 NCANDS dataset; which consists of child specific data of all investigated reports of maltreatment to state CPS agencies. This research seeks to determine if there are disparities in cases reported to and substantiated by CPS as reflected by race (Black, White, & Hispanic children) and the roles of family stressors on the substantiation outcomes of the cases. This study looks at Nevada and the comparison states of Kentucky and New Mexico.


Child abuse – Reporting; Child abuse and foster care placement; Corporal punishment; Corporal punishment of children; Critical race theory; Discipline of children; Discrimination; Minorities; Minority social status; Multiple Marginality Theory; Social services


Criminology | Criminology and Criminal Justice | Ethnic Studies | Family, Life Course, and Society | Race and Ethnicity | Race, Ethnicity and Post-Colonial Studies | Sociology