Master of Arts (MA)
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Self-report questionnaires that explore human experience sometimes produce substantially discrepant results from careful sampling-based methods such as Descriptive Experience Sampling (DES). One explanation is that questionnaires may not be inquiring about the same phenomena that sampling discovers. To investigate this, we conducted two studies. Study 1 (N =260) created the Nevada Inner Experience Questionnaire (NIEQ), designed to measure the frequency of the same five phenomena of inner experience that DES frequently finds (the “5FP”: inner speaking, inner seeing, unsymbolized thinking, feeling and sensory awareness). Study 1 explored the construct validity of the NIEQ, finding it to be reliable and psychometrically valid. Study 2 (N =16) investigated the NIEQ’s criterion validity by engaging participants from Study 1 to participate in DES, exploring the extent to which participants’ DES sampled experience frequencies matched their NIEQ frequency ratings. Correlations between DES and NIEQ frequencies were close to zero, despite the fact that both methods were designed to measure the frequency of the same 5FP. We conclude that there is reason to be cautious about the extent to which questionnaire self-reports provide accurate accounts of actual inner experience.
Descriptive Experience Sampling; Inner Experience; Questionnaires
Moynihan, Stefanie Alison, "Can Questionnaires Capture Inner Experience? A Validation Study of the Nevada Inner Experience Questionnaire" (2017). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 3091.