Award Date

August 2019

Degree Type

Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Arts (MA)

Department

Criminal Justice

First Committee Member

Gillian Pinchevsky

Second Committee Member

Melissa Rorie

Third Committee Member

William Sousa

Fourth Committee Member

Patricia Cook-Craig

Number of Pages

112

Abstract

During the 2015-2016 academic year, more than three-fourths of public schools reported having a violent, property, or other crime on their campuses (Musu-Gillette et al., 2018). While most students do not experience victimization (Musu-Gillette et al., 2018), a large portion schools do report criminal activity on campus. The desire for improved school strategies on crime is warranted, particularly as student populations continue to grow, increasing to 56.6 million students (NCES, 2018). The focus, however, has remained primarily on violence and specific types of school security measures. The purpose of this study is to close the gaps in the literature and to examine the relationships of school security measures and different crimes (e.g. violent crimes and substance-related crimes). The School Survey on Crime and Safety from the 2015- 2016 school year is used to analyze various prevention measures (i.e., target hardening, training of school personnel, mental health services, community-based resources) that have been implemented across schools to address substance-related crimes and violent crimes and their relationship to these crime types. This approach provides a complete look at both the types of crimes in schools and the security measures being taken to address them.

Keywords

School crime; Security measures; Target hardening

Disciplines

Criminology | Criminology and Criminal Justice

Language

English


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