Award Date


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

First Committee Member

Yahia Baghzouz

Second Committee Member

Emma Regentova

Third Committee Member

Sahjendra Singh

Fourth Committee Member

Evangelos Yfantis

Number of Pages



The proliferation of renewable distributed energy resources, particularly photovoltaic (PV) power systems, and the increasing need for a reliable power supply has led to the concept of microgrids, a mini-grid that consists of locally connected power generation units and needs, able to operate connected or disconnected from the utility grid, using controlled and coordinated methods to provide for the users of the microgrid the best possible conditions for their needs. The main technical issues facing microgrids include some of the following, seamless transition from stand-alone to utility grid connected operation, how to preserve frequency and voltage stability, and provide the lowest cost power among numerous power resources. Technologies that will be used in the future smart grid will be built, tested, and fielded in modern microgrids with many national laboratories, utility companies, and universities using microgrids of all different types for research and development.

This dissertation describes the design, fabrication, and testing of a microgrid facility which comprises adjustable resistive and inductive loads, a diesel-powered generator (DG), an advanced inverter PV system, a battery energy storage system (BESS), monitoring, protection, and control devices. The microgrid facility was built with the foresight that it would be used for conducting tests and experiments related to microgrid technical challenges, thus ease of access and expandability were built in which allows it to be used for both research and education purposes. Numerous experimental tests conducted include the following: (a) the dynamic response of a DG to load changes, (b) an advanced PV inverters autonomous functions, (c) advanced inverter islanding test, (d) load sharing among the DG and PV system, (e) PV and battery storage systems load sharing, (d) dynamic performance of an advanced PV inverter and a DG during unintentional islanding under different power export/import conditions, and (e) BESS iv response to utility outage under different PV operating conditions. Attempts to improve reliability and power quality are made by expanding the PV inverter ride-through times during frequency and voltage abnormalities. An economic analysis in terms of Net Present Value (NPV) is conducted on a residential application where a BESS is paired with a PV system to shift solar energy in favor Time-of-Use (ToU) pricing and to provide ancillary grid services.


Microgrid; Photovoltaic; Power generation; PV; Smart Grid; Utility grid


Electrical and Computer Engineering | Oil, Gas, and Energy | Sustainability

File Format


File Size

7100 KB

Degree Grantor

University of Nevada, Las Vegas




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