Master of Arts (MA)
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
Tanachai Mark Padoongpatt
Number of Pages
Few studies have examined the financial motives and risks involved in modern video games, as well as the psychosocial factors contributing to this type of gaming involvement. Previous research on gambling has shown financial motives alone to be a major risk factor for the development of gambling disorder, with higher levels of personal relative deprivation (PRD) identified as a main contributor to this relationship. Therefore, the present study investigated whether this association applied to US adult video gamers, and if it would predict their problematic gaming behaviors. We hypothesized PRD and gaming disorder severity would have a positive association, with financial gaming motives mediating this relationship. Additionally, we expected when perceived upward mobility decreased, the connection between PRD and financial gaming motives would strengthen. To test this, we used moderated mediation analysis to examine these associations in 797 college students (Study 1) and 179 adult gamers over 25 years old (Study 2). For college students, more PRD was positively related to gaming disorder severity, with this relationship mediated by financial gaming motives. In older adults, however, coping gaming motives appeared as the mechanism for the positive association between PRD and gaming disorder severity. In both samples, perceived upward mobility moderated the effect of PRD on one’s financial or coping gaming motives. Overall, our results suggest financial motives and risks related to video games are particularly relevant to young adults, and PRD can elevate a player’s vulnerability for disordered gaming in a similar way as it does for problem gamblers.
gambling; microtransaction; money; relative deprivation; upward mobility; Video game
Psychology | Public Health
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
King, Anthony J., "Are Gaming and Gambling Disorders Related? Examining the Roles of Money, Relative Deprivation, and Upward Mobility" (2021). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 4251.
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