Master of Arts (MA)
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
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Multiracial youth are one of the most at-risk racial groups for child maltreatment. Multiracial individuals are also more likely to report mental health concerns than other racial or ethnic groups. This study aimed to identify demographic and psychological risk factors that are unique to multiracial, maltreated youth with respect to PTSD symptoms (i.e., re-experiencing, hyperarousal, avoidance) through classification and regression tree (CART) analyses. Participants included 99 multiracial, maltreated youth directly following their placement in an emergency group shelter due to substantiated maltreatment. The first hypothesis was that female gender, English first language, questions related to guilt and self-blame, and depressive symptoms would predict re-experiencing symptoms. The second hypothesis was that sexual maltreatment and questions related to interpersonal difficulties, negative cognitions about self, and dissociation would predict avoidance symptoms. The third hypothesis was that multiple traumas and questions related to internalized coping strategies, including isolation and resignation, and physical pain would predict hyperarousal symptoms. Hypotheses were partially supported. Feelings of tiredness and being self-religious were most predictive of re-experiencing symptoms. External locus of control, dissociative symptoms, emotion regulation, self-efficacy, and age were most predictive of avoidance symptoms. Lack of trust in others, age, and sexual maltreatment were most predictive of hyperarousal symptoms.
Abuse; Adolescence; Culture; Ethnicity; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder; Race
Clinical Psychology | Developmental Psychology | Social Work
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Constantine, Mallory, "Identifying Risk Factors for PTSD Symptom Clusters in Maltreated, Multiracial Youth Using Nonparametric Modeling" (2021). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 4283.
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