Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
First Committee Member
Second Committee Member
Third Committee Member
Fourth Committee Member
Number of Pages
Both attachment styles and personality traits are characterized by enduring patterns of inner experience and behaviors. There are four primary attachment styles: secure, anxious, avoidant, and disorganized. In adult romantic relationships, attachment styles are influenced by the attachment behavioral system, caregiving system, and sexual/reproductive system. In comparison, the Antagonistic Tetrad is a constellation of four overlapping but distinct personality constructs: Machiavellianism, grandiose narcissism, psychopathy, and everyday sadism. These four traits include interpersonal features such as a lack of empathy, aggressiveness, and manipulation. Using a regression-based approach, this research study examined the associations between the Antagonistic Tetrad, adult romantic attachment styles, and relationship factors (caregiving, sexuality, love styles) after adjusting for gender, relationship status, and sexual identity. Results indicated that antagonistic personality traits were related to increased sexual attitudes and desire along with controlling caregiving. Members of the Antagonistic Tetrad also predicted a lack of proximity maintenance in romantic relationships. Attachment styles indirectly affected the relationships between Machiavellianism and relationship factors most consistently. Overall, these findings provide insight into which antagonistic personality traits may be amenable to attachment-based psychotherapy interventions.
Antagonistic Tetrad; Antagonistic Triad; Attachment; Attachment Styles; Dark Tetrad; Dark Triad
University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Wrenn, Kayli H., "The Antagonistic Tetrad and Romantic Attachment Styles" (2022). UNLV Theses, Dissertations, Professional Papers, and Capstones. 4544.
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