The Reading Pendulum: Phonics, Word Method, and Whole Language
Journal of Literacy Innovation
The history of phonics in America has been consistently inconsistent. Phonics instruction in American classrooms has been praised at times while viewed as an evil years later. The pendulum shifts that characterize phonics instruction in America have been widely influenced by new methods and reading research including the Word Method and Whole Language. This literature review e encapsulates the research and theories that have influenced beginning reading trends in America, focusing on the rise and fall of phonics throughout time.
Phonics, Phonics instruction, Word method, Whole language, Beginning reading
Scott, C. E.
The Reading Pendulum: Phonics, Word Method, and Whole Language.
Journal of Literacy Innovation, 3(1),