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National Renewable Energy Laboratory

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Medium-duty vehicles are used in a broad array of fleet applications, including parcel delivery. These vehicles are excellent candidates for electric drive applications due to their transient-intensive duty cycles, operation in densely populated areas, and relatively high fuel consumption and emissions. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) conducted a robust assessment of parcel delivery routes and completed a model-based techno-economic analysis of hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicle (PHEV) configurations. First, NREL characterized parcel delivery vehicle usage patterns, most notably daily distance driven and drive-cycle intensity. Second, drive-cycle analysis results framed the selection of drive cycles used to test a parcel delivery HEV on a chassis dynamometer. Next, measured fuel consumption results were used to validate simulated fuel consumption values derived from a dynamic model of the parcel delivery vehicle. Finally, NREL swept a matrix of 120 component size, usage, and cost combinations to assess impacts on fuel consumption and vehicle cost. The results illustrated the dependency of component sizing on drive-cycle intensity and daily distance driven and may allow parcel delivery fleets to match the most appropriate electric drive vehicle (EDV) to their fleet usage profile.


Delivery of goods; Drive cycles; Duty cycles; Electric vehicles – Fuel consumption; Energy consumption; HEV; Hybrid electric vehicles – Fuel consumption; Medium-duty; PHEV; Simulation


Oil, Gas, and Energy | Power and Energy | Transportation




Presented at the 25th World Battery, Hybrid and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle Symposium & Exhibition, November 5–9, 2010, Shenzhen, China.

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