Title

Snaps, Selfies, and Shares: How Three Popular Social Media Platforms Contribute to the Sociocultural Model of Disordered Eating among Young Women

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2018

Publication Title

Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking

Volume

21

Issue

6

First page number:

343

Last page number:

354

Abstract

The current study aimed to integrate and test the sociocultural model of disordered eating with theories explaining the impact of mass media on the development of disordered eating for users of three popular social networking platforms. Young women social networking site (SNS) users (age 18-24) who had never received an eating disorder diagnosis (N = 637) completed questions capturing their SNS gratifications and usage, body surveillance, social comparisons, body dissatisfaction, and eating pathology. Measures were administered in one online session. Model relationships were similar across users of all three SNS platforms: Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat. Users of all platforms demonstrated a significant positive relationship between upward comparisons and disordered eating outcomes, and between body surveillance and disordered eating outcomes, although differences between models did emerge. Empirical findings support extending the sociocultural model of disordered eating to include SNS uses and gratifications.

Keywords

Body dissatisfaction; Disordered eating; Self-objectification; SNS; Social comparison

Disciplines

Psychology

Language

English

UNLV article access

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