Simplified adaptive control of an orbiting flexible spacecraft

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The paper presents the design of a new simple adaptive system for the rotational maneuver and vibration suppression of an orbiting spacecraft with flexible appendages. A moment generating device located on the central rigid body of the spacecraft is used for the attitude control. It is assumed that the system parameters are unknown and the truncated model of the spacecraft has finite but arbitrary dimension. In addition, only the pitch angle and its derivative are measured and elastic modes are not available for feedback. The control output variable is chosen as the linear combination of the pitch angle and the pitch rate. Exploiting the hyper minimum phase nature of the spacecraft, a simple adaptive control law is derived for the pitch angle control and elastic mode stabilization. The adaptation rule requires only four adjustable parameters and the structure of the control system does not depend on the order of the truncated spacecraft model. For the synthesis of control system, the measured output error and the states of a third-order command generator are used. Simulation results are presented which show that in the closed-loop system adaptive output regulation is accomplished in spite of large parameter uncertainties and disturbance input.


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