Spatial system dynamics: a new approach for simulation of water resources systems

Document Type



A new approach called spatial system dynamics (SSD) is presented to model feedback based dynamic processes in time and space. This approach is grounded in control theory for distributed parameter systems. System dynamics and geographic information system (GIS) are coupled to develop this modeling approach. The SSD modeling approach offers a single modeling framework for developing conceptually different models. It also provides the much-needed capability to model feedback based complex dynamic processes in time and space while giving insight into the interactions among different components of the system. The proposed approach is superior to existing techniques for dynamic modeling such as cellular automata and GIS and addresses most of the limitations present in these approaches. The SSD approach can be used to model a variety of physical and natural processes where the main interest is the space–time interaction, e.g., environmental/water resources processes, natural resources management, climate change, and disaster management. The applicability of the proposed approach is demonstrated with an application to flood management in the Red River basin in Manitoba, Canada.


Civil and Environmental Engineering | Computational Engineering | Computer Engineering | Software Engineering | Systems and Communications


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Publisher Citation

Dinesh Prashar, Sajjad Ahmad. 2010. Evaluating Conservation Potential in Agricultural and Municipal Water Use in South Florida.. , 2572-2583.