Title

The expression of regulated endocrine-specific protein of 18 kDa in peptidergic cells of rat peripheral endocrine tissues and in blood.

Document Type

Article

Abstract

We examined the cellular localization of regulated endocrine-specific protein of 18 kDa (RESP18) and mRNA in peripheral endocrine tissues. In situ hybridization and immunocytochemistry identified RESP18 mRNA in most cells of the anterior and intermediate pituitary, with RESP18 protein apparent in many anterior pituitary cells but very few intermediate pituitary cells. In the adrenal medulla and superior cervical ganglion, RESP18 mRNA co-localized with dopamine beta-mono-oxygenase and neuropeptide Y. In the thyroid, RESP18 mRNA was localized to C-cells. RESP18 mRNA was expressed in most of the cells of the pancreatic islets, co-localizing with insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin. No RESP18 mRNA or protein was detected in the adrenal cortex, ovary, neural lobe of the pituitary, parathyroid, exocrine pancreas, thyroid follicular cells, placenta, mammary tissue, liver, lung, or atria. As in the intermediate lobe of the pituitary, high levels of RESP18 mRNA in the pancreatic islets and adrenal medulla did not always correlate with immunodetectable RESP protein, suggesting that post-transcriptional mechanisms are important in controlling RESP18 expression. Western blot analyses identified 18 kDa RESP and higher molecular weight isoforms of RESP in most tissues and in plasma. Subcellular fractionation of the anterior pituitary identified 18 kDa RESP18 in fractions enriched in endoplasmic reticulum and secretory granules, with the higher molecular weight isoforms of RESP18 concentrated in fractions enriched in secretory granules. The broad neuroendocrine distribution of RESP18 suggests that it subserves an important function in the secretory pathway that is common to the production of many secreted peptides.

Disciplines

Genetics and Genomics | Life Sciences | Medicine and Health Sciences | Neurosciences | Physiology