University of Nevada, Las Vegas; Center for Academic Enrichment and Outreach
When measuring the weight of individuals to create healthy lifestyle plans with proper diet and exercise it is alarming how many people follow even the MINIMUM requirement to live a long healthy life. Research has proven that even people who are aware that they are overweight will likely only have a short-lived maintenance of healthy behaviors. Therefore, both intrinsic and extrinsic motivations were examined in order to better understand the difference between the population who maintains healthy lifestyles and those whose healthy habits are not sustained. Methods: A systematic review process was used to filter and screen for applicable studies in both ENGLISH and SPANISH languages across 7 databases (2 of which were not included as they were found to have no aplicable articles in the end). Studies only included those who included college students, both internal and external motivations, and were conducted in between the years 1980-2017. Results: It was found that people who are initially starting to undergo healthy lifestyle changes will benefit more from extrinsic motivators. At the same time people who are in the maintenance stage of their lifestyle changes are more likely to stay in this stage due to intrinsic motivators. Conclusion: It is the most beneficial to use both intrinsic and extrinsic motivators to be able to sustain a healthy lifestyle and achieve overall wellness. Keywords: Healthy Behavior defined as purposefully adopted behavior patterns, actions and habits that improve, protect or maintain health and well being. Motivation defined as anything internally or externally that drives you to act towards a desired outcome. Obesity
Healthly lifestyle; College students; Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations
Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms | Exercise Science
The Effect of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivations on Health Behavior in College Students: A Systematic Review.
Available at: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/aanapisi_posters/43