Toughness, Tenacity and Maximum Initial Strength of Rubber Modified Asphalt Binders

Kazem Jadidi, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Mehdi Khalili, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Moses Karakouzian, University of Nevada, Las Vegas
Serji Amirkhanian, University of Alabama


The toughness and tenacity test method, which was developed in the 1980s, is popular for evaluating a polymermodified binder. Several states like Nevada require performing this test to evaluate non-modified binder samples, as well as other types of modified binders. In this regard, a toughness and tenacity test was performed on rubber-modified samples produced from virgin binder PG58-28, PG64-16 and AC-20. In order to take the rubber size, type and content into account, two rubber sizes, mesh #20 and #40, two rubber types, ambient and cryogenic, and three rubber contents, 10%, 15%, and 20% were produced and tested. The results then were compared with polymer-modified and terminally blended rubber-modified samples. The results show improvement in the amount of initial maximum strength, and a decline in the magnitude of elongation, toughness and tenacity for the rubber-modified binder, compared to other types of binders.