Characterization of Finger Isometric Force Production with Maximum Power of Surface Electromyography

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Biomedical Engineering - Applications, Basis and Communications



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Finger's action has been controlled by both intrinsic and extrinsic hand muscles. Characterizing the finger action with the activations of hand muscles could be useful for evaluating the neuromuscular control strategy of finger's motor functions. This study is designed to explore the correlation of isometric fingertip force production and frequency-domain features of surface electromyography (sEMG) recorded on extrinsic hand muscles. To this end, 13 subjects (five male and eight female university students) have been recruited to conduct a target force-tracking task. Each subject is required to produce a certain level of force with either the index or middle fingertip to match the pseudo-random ordered target force level (4N, 6N, or 8N) as accurate as possible. During the finger force production process, the sEMG signals are recorded on two extrinsic hand muscles: flex digitorum superficials (FDS) and extensor digitorum (ED). For each sEMG trail, the power spectrum is estimated with the autoregressive (AR) model and from which the maximum power is obtained. Our experimental results reveal three findings: (1) the maximum power increases with the force level regardless of the force producing finger (i.e. index or middle) and the extrinsic hand muscle (i.e. FDS or ED). (2) The sEMG maximum power of index finger is significantly lower than that of the middle finger under the same force level and extrinsic hand muscle. (3) No significant difference can be found between the maximum powers of FDS and ED. The results indicate that the activations of the extrinsic muscles are affected by both the force level and the force producing finger. Based on our findings, the sEMG maximum power of the extrinsic hand muscles could be used as a key parameter to describe the finger's actions.


Electromyography; Finger joint; Kinematics; Motor ability; Neuromuscular transmission


Biomechanics and Biotransport | Biomedical | Biomedical Engineering and Bioengineering | Electrical and Computer Engineering | Electrical and Electronics | Engineering




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