MFDs of spinning satellite and attitude control using gyrotorquers

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Questions related to the matrix fraction descriptions (MFDs) and the minimal realizations of the transfer matrix of a spinning satellite system and control system design using output feedback are considered. The control torques are generated using gyrotorquers, and the output variables are the attitude angles. Two minimal state-space representations of the system, namely, a controller-form and an observer-form realization, are obtained from a right and left MFD of the transfer matrix, respectively. Using these canonical realizations, analytical expression for the feedback matrices of the controller and the observer as functions of the system parameters are obtained. The poles of the closed-loop system are invariant with respect to the spin rate of the satellite. Simulation results are presented to show that precise attitude control is accomplished in the closed-loop system using output feedback.


Artificial satellites--Attitude control systems; Control theory; Feedback control systems; Gyrostabilizers


Aerospace Engineering | Controls and Control Theory | Electrical and Computer Engineering | Navigation, Guidance, Control and Dynamics


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