Efficient and effective analysis of the growing genomic databases requires the development of adequate computational tools. We introduce a fast method based on the suffix tree data structure for predicting novel targets of hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) from huge genome databases. The suffix tree data structure has two powerful applications here: one is to extract unknown patterns from multiple strings/sequences in linear time; the other is to search multiple strings/sequences using multiple patterns in linear time. Using 15 known HIF-1 target gene sequences as a training set, we extracted 105 common patterns that all occur in the 15 training genes using suffix trees. Using these 105 common patterns along with known subsequences surrounding HIF-1 binding sites from the literature, the algorithm searches a genome database that contains 2,078,786 DNA sequences. It reported 258 potentially novel HIF-1 targets including 25 known HIF-1 targets. Based on microarray studies from the literature, 17 putative genes were confirmed to be upregulated by HIF-1 or hypoxia inside these 258 genes. We further studied one of the potential targets, COX-2, in the biological lab; and showed that it was a biologically relevant HIF-1 target. These results demonstrate that our methodology is an effective computational approach for identifying novel HIF-1 targets.
Biology | Cell Biology | Electrical and Computer Engineering | Engineering | Genetics and Genomics | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Life Sciences | Microbiology
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Adjeroh, D. A.,
Skinner, H. D.,
Shen, Q. J.,
An Algorithm for Identifying Novel Targets of Transcription Factor Families: Application to Hypoxia-inducible Factor 1 Targets.
Cancer Informatics, 7