Immersion-and Invariance-Based Adaptive Control of Asteroid-Orbiting and - Hovering Spacecraft

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The Journal of the Astronautical Sciences

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The development of an immersion-and invariance-based adaptive state variable feedback control law for the closed orbit and hovering control of spacecraft in the vicinity of asteroids is the subject of this paper. The celestial body is assumed to be rotating with constant angular velocity about a fixed axis. Also, it is assumed that the mass and moments of inertia matrix of the asteroid, and the mass of the spacecraft are not known. The objective is to control the orbit of the spacecraft despite uncertainties in the system parameters. Based on the immersion and invariance theory, a noncertainty-equivalence adaptive control system is designed for steering the spacecraft along prescribe closed orbits or to fixed points for hovering control. The control system has a modular structure - consisting of an stabilizing control module and an parameter identifier. The control law is synthesized using filtered signals so as to circumvent the complexity of the immersion and immersion methodology. Unlike certainty-equivalence systems, the parameter estimates include judiciously selected nonlinear state-dependent algebraic functions and partial estimates derived from an integral update law. By the Lyapunov analysis, it is shown that the trajectory tracking error asymptotically converges to zero and all the signals in the closed-loop system are bounded. For illustration, numerical results are presented for control around 433 Eros and Ida asteroids. These results show that, despite uncertainties in the relative spacecraft dynamics, the adaptive law accomplishes closed orbit as well as hovering control.


Adaptive spacecraft control; Asteroid orbiting spacecraft; Noncertainty equivalence adaptive control; Design via immersion and invariance asteroid; Hovering spacecraft control; Nonlinear adaptive control


Astrophysics and Astronomy



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