Racial and Ethnic Differences in Knowledge and Willingness to Participate in HIV Vaccine Trials in an Urban Population in the Southeastern US
International Journal of STD and AIDS
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Racial/ethnic minorities in the Southeastern USA are disproportionately affected by HIV, and would benefit from a preventive vaccine. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of 220 community college students in Atlanta to evaluate racial/ethnic differences in knowledge and willingness to participate in HIV vaccine trials. Willingness to participate did not differ by race/ethnicity, age, or gender, and was not associated with knowledge. African-Americans and Asians were more likely than Whites to: believe that an HIV vaccine exists, but is being withheld from the public; believe that AIDS was caused by a government conspiracy; feel that having other participants and investigators of their ethnic background in the trial was important. Misconceptions regarding HIV vaccines are common and differ by race/ethnicity. However, willingness to participate was not associated with knowledge or race/ethnicity. Efforts to increase participation should address the ethnic diversity of the trial personnel, and education to eliminate misconceptions about HIV vaccines and trials.
HIV infection; Vaccine; Clinical trials; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice study; Willingness to participate
Clinical Trials | Immunology and Infectious Disease | Virology
Priddy, F. H.,
Cheng, A. C.,
Salazar, L. F.,
Frew, P. M.
Racial and Ethnic Differences in Knowledge and Willingness to Participate in HIV Vaccine Trials in an Urban Population in the Southeastern US.
International Journal of STD and AIDS, 17(2),