Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-9-2012

Publication Title

Global Journal of Health Science

Volume

4

Issue

6

First page number:

99

Last page number:

108

Abstract

The Americans with Disabilities Act became law in 1990; since then research has shown that people with disabilities continue to experience barriers to health care. The purpose of this study was to compare utilization of preventive services, chronic disease rates, and engagement in health risk behaviors of participants with differing severities of disabilities to those without disabilities. This study was a secondary analysis of 2010 data collected in the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System national survey in the United States. Rao Chi square test and logistic regression were employed. Participants with disabilities had significantly higher adjusted odds ratios for all chronic diseases, for physical inactivity, obesity and smoking. They were significantly more likely to participate in some preventive services (flu/pneumonia vaccination, HIV test) and significantly less likely to participate in other preventive services (mammogram, Pap test). Our findings suggest that people with disabilities are less able to fully participate in all preventive services offered.

Keywords

Ability; Ability; Influence of age on; Adolescent; Adult; Age Factors; Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (United States); Barrier-free design; Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System; Chronic Disease/epidemiology; Chronic diseases; Chronically ill; Disability evaluation; Disabled Persons/statistics & numerical data; Economics--Sociological aspects; Female; Health behavior; Health care disparities; Healthcare Disparities/statistics & numerical data; Health services accessibility; Health services accessibility—Evaluation; Humans; Male; Men; Middle Aged; Older people; People with disabilities; Preventive health services; Preventive Health Services/utilization; Risk-Taking; Risk-taking (Psychology); Sex Factors; Sex factors in disease; Social status; Socioeconomic Factors; Teenagers; United States/epidemiology; Women; Young Adult

Disciplines

Community-Based Research | Environmental Health | Immune System Diseases | Inequality and Stratification | Medicine and Health | Virus Diseases

Language

English

Identifier

DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v4n6p99

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