Meta-Analysis as a Choice to Improve Research in Career and Technical Education

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A search of the ERIC and Academic Search Premier data bases, and a comprehensive review of literature suggest that meta-analysis is ignored by career and technical education (CTE) researchers, a situation that is regrettable but remediable. The purpose of this theoretical paper is to provide CTE researchers and consumers with procedures for conducting meta-analytic research. The highlights presented include an overview of the history meta-analysis, selected meta-analysis procedures, and advantages of meta-analysis. The paper cautions that CTE consumers and policy makers should be aware of some of the limitations associated with meta-analysis. A key assertion of this paper is that meta-analysis will be most valuable when used by those who are conversant with career and technical education. Finally, strategies for obtaining effect sizes for selected SPSS analyses are provided.