Field Measurements of Shear Strength of an Underconsolidated Marine Clay

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This paper presents the observations of cone penetration testing (CPT), in situ vane shear testing and undrained triaxial testing of underconsolidated marine clay in the Craney Island Dredged Material Management Area (CIDMMA), Norfolk, VA. Comparison of vane shear measurements, taken during 1981–1983, to CPT measurements, taken during 1993, indicates a change in undrained shear strength. Both the vane shear and cone penetration resistances are lowest at the mid-heights of the clay layers and the excess pore water pressures are highest at the mid-height of the clay layers, indicating that the clay layer is underconsolidated.


Clay—Analysis; Clay soils; Cone penetration test; Field vane shear test; In situ processing (Mining); Triaxial test; Underconsolidated marine clay; Undrained shear strength; Vane shear tests


Civil and Environmental Engineering | Engineering | Environmental Sciences | Materials Science and Engineering


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