A New Apparatus for Analog Modeling of Clay Smears

Document Type



An apparatus has been developed for analog modeling of clay smears. This rather simple apparatus compliments the more sophisticated but less common geotechnical engineering ring shear apparatus that has been used in previous studies of clay smear formation. The new apparatus provides analog modelers with the ability to view and record soil deformation and formation of clay smears. The laboratory produced deformations and clay smears are very similar to those found in nature. A complete deformation history and clay smear formation process is documented.


Analog modeling; Clay; Clay—Analysis; Clay smears; Clay soils; Deformation history; Shear bands; Soil formation; Soil formation--Simulation methods


Civil and Environmental Engineering | Earth Sciences | Engineering | Environmental Engineering | Environmental Sciences | Geology


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