Use of Pulverised and Fluidised Combustion Coal Ash in Secondary Road Construction

Document Type



The research presented herein was undertaken to examine the viability of pulverised coal combustion (PCC) fly ash and fluidised bed combustion (FBC) spent bed, as a primary cementitious material and a secondary fine aggregate, respectively, for production of mixtures suitable for low-volume county and other secondary roads. To achieve the stated objective, the mechanical properties of a number of previously identified optimum PCC/FBC composites were studied in the laboratory and field. The characteristics such as unconfined uniaxial compressive strength, splitting tensile strength, modulus of elasticity and Poisson's ratio, absorption, resistance to freezing and thawing, and length change were investigated. Results conclude that the engineering properties of the PCC/FBC composites exceed those of the conventional mixes used in secondary roads. The field results reaffirm that the engineering characteristics of the laboratory mixtures can be easily attained in field. The suggested thickness design requirements are conservative when the 90-day strength of the PCC/FBC composites is considered.


Aggregates (Building materials); By-products; Cement; Coal; Coal—Combustion; Coal--Combustion--By-products; Elastic modulus; Elasticity; Fluidized-bed combustion; Fly ash; Freezing; Secondary roads; Sulphate attack; Thickness


Civil and Environmental Engineering | Civil Engineering | Construction Engineering and Management | Structural Engineering


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