Title

Shallow-to-Deep Shear Wave Velocity Profiling by Surface Waves in Complex Ground for Enhanced Seismic Microzonation of Las Vegas, Nevada

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1-2013

Publication Title

Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering

Volume

44

First page number:

168

Last page number:

182

Abstract

Shear-wave velocity (VS) profiles were developed using the spectral analysis of Rayleigh-type surface waves (SASW) method for 12 sites in the Las Vegas Valley, Nevada, an urban area that is situated on a deep alluvium-filled basin. The objective of the study was to develop VS profiles to depths of 100 m or deeper to support earthquake site response analyses. To that end, a “minivib” Vibroseis was used in conjunction with an instrumented hammer source, allowing development of deep VS profiles, while also maintaining resolution at shallow depths. The results from optimization by linearized inversion compared well with those from simulated annealing followed by linearized inversion. Data from one site known to have a shallow, high-velocity inclusion were analyzed with the benefit of this independent information, which permitted the depth of the inclusion to be estimated closely. Overall, the VS profiles obtained are consistent with an existing earthquake microzonation of the Valley.

Keywords

Alluvium; Earthquake engineering; Earthquakes; Shear waves; Soils; Surface waves; Vibroseis

Disciplines

Civil and Environmental Engineering | Environmental Engineering | Geophysics and Seismology | Soil Science

Language

English

Permissions

Use Find in Your Library, contact the author, or interlibrary loan to garner a copy of the item. Publisher policy does not allow archiving the final published version. If a post-print (author's peer-reviewed manuscript) is allowed and available, or publisher policy changes, the item will be deposited.

Identifier

DOI: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2012.09.002

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